Document Type : Original Article
Industrial Education Department, Faculty of Education, Helwan University, Egypt
Optical art illusion depends on the use of mathematical laws to create artworks that inspire the aesthetic values of movement, stillness, depth and prominence, even though they are on a flat surface. Optical art illusion is one of the arts that represents the modern artistic trends that appeared in the early fifties of the twentieth century. A generation of pioneering artists emerged such as Victor Vasarely and Konchiler M.C. Esher. They have all used different types of visual phenomena that occur constantly in our daily perceptions, except that they are usually overlooked or neglected and not perceived. Whereas, we find the Egyptian heritage, especially in the cities of Upper Egypt, very rich in the field of textiles, with handcrafted artworks, which are carried out on weaving looms in the city of Akhim and Al-Kawthar district in Sohag Governorate, which needs attention and care in order not to become neglected and extinct. It also needs continuous development in order to bring it to the highest levels of sophistication in the industry, while preserving the Egyptian originality in design and production method. The research aims to shed light on the Egyptian heritage in the field of textiles in the cities of Upper Egypt and by using hand-woven looms to produce sheets and covers that preserve the distinctive and well-known designs of Akhmeem and Al-Kawthar neighborhood. By utilizing the resources available in these cities and achieving effective economic development that benefits the people and the Egyptian economy .